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We learn about new mysteries every day. There are reports of aliens, strange monsters and unexplained events. Here are examples of mysteries that come from the early days of our life on earth, which are still unexplained.

In Peru, very large ‘drawings’ of animals cover more than 500 square kilometres of land. These were made by the Nazca people thousands of years ago. Many of the animal shapes are as big as two football fields, and you can’t see them from the ground. If scientists want to photograph the largest shapes, they have to take a plane to take good photos.

The island of Rapa Nui, or Easter Island, is famous for over 800 stone statues. They are between one and ten metres tall and have similar faces. They stand by the sea, facing the land. Why did the people of Easter Island build them? Some experts think that the statues were the ‘home’ of ghosts of people from the island’s past. The ghosts looked through the statues’ eyes and guarded the island to make sure it was safe.

The Greek philosopher Plato told a story about an island in the Atlantic Ocean called Atlantis. It was a beautiful place. The island was rich with plant and animal life. The people living there used their skills well, so the island was a centre for farming and business. Their buildings were beautiful and well built. This was more than 11,000 years ago – and then the city disappeared under the sea. Was there really an Atlantis? If there was, why did it disappear? People are still looking for this lost civilization.

adapted from K. Burke, Mysteries of the Unexplained